On the first day, Price's troops drove the Union troops from their lines north of Corinth into their second line of fortifications; on the second, his divisions overran several parts of the Union line and briefly entered into Corinth but had to fall back due to lack of support. For the first year and a half of the Civil War, Southern spirits rode high. Major General Sterling Price was a Confederate commander during the American Civil War. The company's filing status is listed as Active and its File Number is C4137287. Here is his breakdown by county of enlistment, the total of which he estimates to be over 21,770 soldiers. At this time, General P. G. T. Beauregard, acting for Johnston, ordered Van Dorn to bring his army to Corinth, Mississippi to join Johnston's force for an attack on the Union army at Shiloh. Neither Van Dorn nor Price remained behind to supervise the retreat, so the units left the field chaotically, with the artillery batteries leaving as they ran out of ammunition and the infantry and cavalry regiments following. The two columns reached Iuka on September 19 but due to poor communications and misunderstanding, Grant failed to attack as planned. The Army of the Peninsula was established May 26, 1861. Confederate generals served in the Confederate States Army on behalf of the Confederate States of America.. He was groomed for a military career from an early age, as his father was a general in the American army. . [9], Following the transfer of the Army of the West to Corinth, part of the army was incorporated into the Army of Mississippi. Our 40+ members come from throughout southwest Iowa. Approximately 9,000 West Virginians chose to fight for the Confederate States of America and generally joined the confederate regiments o… [11], Uniting with Van Dorn at Ripley, Mississippi on September 28, Price placed himself under Van Dorn's command. How would they be living — if, indeed, they were still alive — when Christmas came again? The Confederate Army Of The West (Living Historians And Reenactors), Inc. is a California Domestic Corporation filed on April 2, 2018. The Confederates settled into winter quarters in the northern Boston Mountains, where Price immediately started feuding with McCulloch again. Price deployed the State Guard on his left and the Missouri Confederate brigades on the right; following an artillery bombardment, he ordered a charge. Cozzens, pp. This enabled Price to concentrate on Rosecrans, resulting in the Battle of Iuka; the Confederates overpowered the initial Union line and held it against Union counterattacks. Maj. Gen. Earl van Dorn. Army of the Valley 1864 By the end of Spring in 1864 Robert E. Lee was in a serious situation. [3], Van Dorn launched his offensive on March 5; when he discovered that Curtis was positioned behind fortifications located along the Little Sugar Creek, Van Dorn decided to march around the Union left flank and attack from the rear, starting the flanking march during the night of March 6–7. Almost to a man, the cadets, former and present, joined the Southern armies. Grant and Rosecrans immediately formed a plan of trapping Price, with Grant moving in from the northwest to hold Price's attention, while Rosecrans attacked from the south and southwest to cut off Price's lines of retreat. Price was ordered to hold the Mobile and Ohio Railroad and prevent the Union forces in western Tennessee, commanded by U. S. Grant and William S. Rosecrans, from reinforcing the Union army in Kentucky, with Van Dorn to cooperate with Price. O n July 6, 1864, a large contingent of Union soldiers, many hefting picks and shovels, marched to a point just west of Jerusalem Plank Road, a mile south of the Confederate earthworks protecting Petersburg, Virginia. This promotion severely irritated Army of the Mississippi commander, Braxton Bragg, who blamed McCown for the loss of New Madrid and Island No. West explained that as a young officer in the U.S. Army he had served at places like Fort Bragg -- named after Confederate General Braxton Bragg -- and … Then the stunning Union victories at Gettysburg and Vicksburg in July 1863, and by September Confederate morale was at its lowest ebb since the beginning of the war. [8], Once the army arrived at Van Buren, Van Dorn reorganized it into a single division under Price, with four infantry brigades, two cavalry brigades, and an artillery brigade. He also ordered Brigadier General Albert Pike to bring his brigade from the Indian Territory to Arkansas but only two regiments (the 1st and 2nd Cherokee Mounted Rifles) reached Van Dorn's army before the campaign started. The Army was reorganized in late 1862 but the troops that followed Price[clarification needed] in his other commands continued to be popularly called the Army of the West. During both days, Lovell failed to fully support Price's attacks, which may have been due to his opposition to attacking Corinth at all. Hebert reported himself sick on the morning of the second day and was replaced by Brigadier General Martin E. Green; in addition, several field officers were killed or wounded during the battle. The Army of the West was a military force within the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War that the was part of the Trans-Mississippi Department and was composed primarily of members of the old Missouri State Guard. Price's troops were formally reconstituted as the Army of Missouri when they began Price's Raid in an 1864 attempt to recapture Missouri. As part of the preparations for the Perryville campaign, the new commander of Department No. [6] During the night, the remains of McCulloch's division arrived at Elkhorn Tavern but no supplies came, since the supply train was located several miles away at the initial Confederate positions and Van Dorn failed to order it to follow the army; as a result, the Confederates were low on ammunition. For four harsh years most Southerners approached the holidays with mixed feelings. Although opposed to the plan, Price went along with it. Army of the West . It saw action in the Battle of Pea Ridge, Battle of Corinth and Battle of Iuka and consisted of about 20,000 men. 50, 56–57, 63–65, 70, 74–115, 133. Leading an invasion of Missouri in 1864, Sterling Price was defeated by Union forces. Maury formed a line on the west side of the creek but the line was overrun with the loss of 300 prisoners. [1] During February 1862, the Union Army of the Southwest commanded by Brigadier General Samuel R. Curtis drove the Missouri State Guard out of the state and into northwestern Arkansas, where Price united with McCulloch's forces. Following the transfer of the Army of the West to Corinth, part of the army was incorporated into the Army of Mississippi. The Armies of the Confederate States in the Civil War The permanent Constitution of the Confederate States of America provided that the President should be commander-in-chief of the army and navy, and of the militia of the several States when called into actual service. The Registered Agent on file for this company is Mario Scott Peca and is located at 662 Darrell St, Costa Mesa, CA 92627. West Virginia divided from Virginia and became a state June 20, 1863 because of the Civil War. [10], In the meantime, Price launched an offensive without waiting for Van Dorn's forces, mostly due to pressure from Bragg. (39) Thirty-seven of the matriculants became Confederate generals, about 8 … On August 31, Confederate troops attacked the Union position but were easily driven away. Confederate Army of the West (16,000) Major General Earl Van Dorn Right Wing McCulloch’s Division - Brigadier General Benjamin McCulloch (killed) 10. On the morning of October 6, Van Dorn learned that another Union force commanded by Stephen Hulbut was approaching from the west; he assigned Maury's division to hold the Davis Bridge over the Hatchie River until the army could reach another crossing six miles to the south. Both Price and McCulloch feuded with each other concerning the proper Confederate strategy in the Trans–Mississippi area, and cooperated only once, during the Wilson's Creek campaign in August 1861. His army retreated west towards Alabama. During the two–day Battle of Corinth, Price's corps did much of the fighting. There was a delay as the Confederates had to construct a bridge over the Little Sugar Creek; by morning Price's division arrived at the Telegraph Road north of Curtis's fortifications, with McCulloch behind him and a rocky ridge called Big Mountain between the Confederates and the Union army. Price's troops were formally reconstituted as the Army of Missouri when they began Price's Raid in an 1864 attempt to recapture Missouri. This database contains an index to compiled service records (CSRs) for soldiers who served with units in the Confederate army. Known in official reports as Redoubt H, it was a key part of the Union’s plan to push the Confederate army to the breaking point. When General Earl Van Dorn was detached to assume command of the Confederate forces previously commanded by General Mansfield Lovell, Major-General McCown was elevated to command the Army of the West. 343–344. [4] Pike was able to rally a portion of the division and lead it back to the Bentonville Detour, where it marched around the northern end of Big Mountain and to Elkhorn Tavern. Editor’s note: The following is extracted from The Southern Christmas Book, by Harnett T. Kane (published 1958). The Army of the South was a Confederate field army during the final months of the American Civil War.Formed from a collection of Confederate commands during the Carolinas Campaign, it was engaged in only one major battle, the Battle of Bentonville in March 1865. On April 12, 1862, it was merged into the Army of Northern Virginia. This area of the Confederate line was under the command of Maj. Gen. William Loring, commanding a division of Lt. Gen. Alexander P. Stewart’s Corps. Van Dorn then informed Price of his plans to capture Corinth: first the Confederates would march to Pocahontas, northwest of Corinth, in order to confuse the Union high command, then turn around and attack Corinth from the north and northwest. On 19 February 1861, President Jefferson Davis appointed Leroy P. Walker of Alabama secretary of war of the newly formed Confederate States of America—the first of the five men to serve in that troubled office—and on 6 March, the Confederate Congress authorized an army of 100,000 volunteers to serve for twelve months. At this time, McCulloch received permission to head around the southern shoulder of Big Mountain and meet up with Price near Elkhorn Tavern, since this would shorten the distance he would travel. (37) And whereas 304 West Point graduates joined the Southern army,(38) at least 12,000, and possibly many more, matriculants of ninety-six Southern military schools donned the Rebel gray and filled the highest ranks of command. Hulbut then crossed several regiments to the east bank, which suffered 570 casualties, mostly due to sharpshooters and artillery fire. The army was organized from elements of the Army of the West on September 28, 1862, with Earl Van Dorn its first and only commander. Grant’s offensive had battered his Army of Northern Virginia back into defensive positions around the Confederate capital of Richmond and its main rail center, Petersburg. List of Confederate Regular Army officers, Economy of the Confederate States of America, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from February 2009, Articles with invalid date parameter in template, Armies of the Confederate States of America, American Civil War unit and formation stubs, https://civilwar.wikia.org/wiki/Army_of_the_West?oldid=17572. Notably, Hood was the Confederate commander in the Battle of Franklin in Tennessee. Beauregard, a West Point graduate and former West Point Superintendent, opened fire on Ft. 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